Monday, November 6, 2017

The relief features of India project for students

India is bordered by the young fold mountains on the north-western, northern and north-eastern side, the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. The relief features of India are : The Himalayas are geologically young fold mountains covering the northern border of India. The Himalayan range is the highest and the most rugged mountain range in the world. The Northern Plain is located in the southern part of the Himalayan range. The Northern Plain is also called the Indo-Gangetic plain. The soil cover in this plain is rich and fertile, and water is found in plenty, combined with a favourable climate for growing several major crops, the Northern Plain is one of the world’s most intensively farmed areas and hence very densely populated. Plateaus are also called tablelands like the Peninsular Plateau which is a tableland. This tableland was formed when Gondwanaland broke and the pieces drifted apart. It is composed of old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. The Peninsular Plateau consists of both broad and shallow valleys, and rounded hills. The Great Indian Desert is a rolling sandy plain covered by sand dunes and most of these are crescent-shaped sand dunes, called Barchans of longitudinal dunes. The western coastal runs along the Arabian Sea. The eastern coast runs along the Bay of Bengal, displays wide and level stretches and has different local names. India consists of two groups of islands The Lakshadweep Islands group, and The Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


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