Monday, November 6, 2017

FREEDOM MOVEMENTS IN INDIA SOCIAL PROJECT



 Mahatma Gandhi's famous contributions to Indian freedom movement:
1. World War I
Lord Chelmsford, the then Viceroy of India, invited Gandhi to Delhi at a War Conference. In order to gain the trust of the empire, Gandhi agreed to move people to enlist in the army for World War I. However, he wrote to the Viceroy and said that he "personally will not kill or injure anybody, friend or foe".

2. Champaran
The Champaran agitation in Bihar was Gandhi's first active involvement into Indian freedom politics. The Champaran farmers were being forced to grow Indigo and were being tortured if they protested. The farmers sought Gandhi's help and through a calculated non-violent protest, Gandhi managed to win concessions from the authority.
3. Kheda

When Kheda, a village in Gujarat, was badly hit by floods, the local farmers appealed to the rulers to waive off the taxes. Here, Gandhi started a signature campaign where peasants pledged non-payment of taxes. He also arranged a social boycott of the mamlatdars and talatdars (revenue officials). In 1918, the Government relaxed the conditions of payment of revenue tax until the famine ended.
4. Khilafat Movement
Gandhi's influence on the Muslim population was remarkable. This was evident in his involvement in the Khilafat Movement. After the first World War, the Muslims feared for the safety of their Caliph or religious leader and a worldwide protest was being organised to fight against the collapsing status of the Caliph. Gandhi became a prominent spokesperson of the All India Muslim Conference and returned the medals he had received from the Empire during his Indian Ambulance Corps days in South Africa. His role in the Khilafat made him a national leader in no time.
5. Non-cooperation Movement
Gandhi had realised that the British had been able to be in India only because of the co-operation they received from the Indians. Keeping this in mind, he called for a non-cooperation movement. With the Congress' support and his indomitable spirit, he convinced people that peaceful non-cooperation was the key to Independence. The ominous day of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre triggered the non-cooperation movement. Gandhi set the goal of Swaraj or self-governance, which since then became the motto of Indian freedom movement.

6. Salt March
Also known as the Dandi Movement, Gandhi's Salt March is considered to be a pivotal incident in the history of freedom struggle. At the Calcutta Congress of 1928, Gandhi declared that the British must grant India dominion status or the country will erupt into a revolution for complete independence. The British did not pay heed to this. As a result, on December 31, 1929, the Indian flag was unfurled in Lahore and the next January 26 was celebrated as the Indian Independence Day. Then, Gandhi started a Satyagraha campaign against the salt tax in March 1930. He marched 388 kilometres from Ahmedabad to Dandi in Gujarat to make salt. Thousands of people joined him and made it one of the biggest marches in Indian history.
7. Quit India Movement
During the Second World War, Gandhi was determined to strike the British Empire with a definitive blow that would secure their exit from India. This happened when the British started recruiting Indians for the war. Gandhi protested strongly and said that the Indians cannot be involved in a war that is in favour of democratic purposes when India itself is not a free country. This argument exposed the two-faced image of the colonisers and within half a decade, they were out of this country.

SOURCE: http://indiatoday.intoday.in




WATCH BELOW VIDEO VERY EXCELLENT EXPLANATION ABOUT FREEDAM STRUGGELE

ఈ క్రింది వీడియో మీకు స్వాతంత్రం కు సంబందించిన విషయాలు  చాల  బాగా వివరిస్తుంది. మీరు చూస్తూ, మీ పిల్లలకి చూపించండి.









The arrival of Vasco Da Gama, from Portugal, heralded the entry of the European spice traders, changed contemporary Indian history for the last 500 years or so. India before the arrival of the spice traders was a land of small kingdoms, ruled by independent kings and rulers.
The spice traders soon established trading houses and imposed regulation. The small kings and rulers, with unrest and power struggles within them, were soon influenced to allow the foreigners (British, French, Dutch, Portuguese) more and more power, till slowly, India was under the rule of the British Empire. Britain's stronghold in India started with the establishment of the East India Company. The colonial strife continued with several revolts across India from 1857 onwards, to finally end in 1947, with India's freedom from colonial rule, through the tireless efforts of several freedom fighters like, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi. 00:01 East India Company - History | Mocomi Kids 03:53 Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India | Mocomi Kids 06:11 Jhansi Ki Rani Laxmibai and Her Story | Mocomi Kids 09:56 Indian National Movement | Mocomi Kids 12:32 Indian Freedom Struggle | Mocomi Kids 15:14 Quit India Movement 1942 | Mocomi Kids 17:07 Subhash Chandra Bose - Freedom Fighter | Mocomi Kids 23:34 Indian Independence : 1947 | Mocomi Kids 25:08 Indian National Symbols | Mocomi Kids 29:49 Indian National Flag Facts - Mocomi Kids 32:25 Jana Gana Mana - Indian National Anthem | Mocomi Kids 33:23 The Indian Army | Mocomi Kids


Indians tried every way possible, violent and non violent, to gain Independence from the British rule. Watch this video to know more about India's fight for Independence and the people who were fore-runners in this struggle. There was a heartfelt beginning to the freedom struggle. Men who are known for their peaceful methods such as Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Aurobindo, Rabindranath Tagore and many others starting spreading the word to the people that everyone must be passionate about gaining freedom. When news of World War I broke out, the British declared that Indians would be fighting for them against Germany. A large number of Indian soldiers served abroad. When the war came to an end, the British imposed stricter legislation in India to curb those people they felt were political extremists. To make up for the expenses incurred during the war, the British imposed higher taxes on Indians and even disrupted trade. Indian soldier in the meantime smuggled arms into India to overthrow the British. While all hope was diminishing, emerged a man whom the country began to revere, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi became the undisputed leader of the freedom struggle.

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